SAFE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR
Dangerous goods (also known as «hazardous materials» or «HazMats») are solids, liquids, or gases that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment. Dangerous goods include materials that are radioactive, flammable, explosive , corrosive , oxidizing, asphyxiating, biohazardous , toxic , pathogenic, or allergenic. Also included are physical conditions such as compressed gases and liquids or hot materials, including all goods containing such materials or chemicals, or may have other characteristics that render them azardous in specific circumstances. Before boarding the plane, dangerous goods must be put into special (in most cases hermetic) containers with labels depicting class of hazardous material). It also has to be provided with documents and detailed instructions with limitations concerning the transport process. Transport of dangerous goods by air contains a certain risk in it, that’s why pilots are specially trained to deal with such materials. If carrying hazmats on board, the crew has to follow strict rules
and avoid turbulence, rapid changes of altitudes and deep banks in order not to harm sensitive materials. That’s why controllers can expect such requests from pilots and help the crew by providing needed assistance.